A new study published Wednesday in JAMA Surgery suggests there is a qualitative difference in the way female surgeons practice. The study suggests that patients treated by female surgeons have lower rates of adverse postoperative long-term outcomes including death compared to similar patients treated by male surgeons. Long-term is defined as any outcome within 90 days or within a year.
The new study builds on previous research that had similar findings about patient outcomes related to the sex of the surgeon, but within 30 days, the traditional time period used to examine surgical outcomes, including in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.
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